Treatment of Papillons


Instructions for treatment of Papillons as specified by the two leading

Papillon practioners in the United States and long time breeders of Papillons,

intended to help in the treatment of Papillons and their special health needs.

There are 160 breeds donít think your continuing education prepares you for

specific breeds special health care needs.
Papillons are low in weight and blood volume especially as puppies so they

require special care. CAUTION NO KETAMINE Papillons are especially

sensitive to this product. NO presedation to intubate. ISO or SERV are the

only approved products. Mixing of sedation products has been fatal .


Hypothermia is a major concern in surgery on Papillons warm water pad

under the dog is advised. If you canít provide the proper product and

monitering DO NOT DO Surgery on this dog. A weight of five pounds is

preferred before any surgery is done. These patellas are very sensitive,

please use extreme care when restraining a dog for surgery.

Papillons have been especially prone to reactions to vaccines, flea products,

wormers, boron, Dursban, etc. and should be treated as a sight hound.

They are believed to metabolize products differently than other breeds of

dogs, Rabies vaccines have been of particular concern causing shock and

facial swelling. USE NO LEPTO OR LYME VACCINE Hundreds of deaths have resulted every year due to improper or uninformed treatment of

Papillons. Shock with Renal and Liver Damage, respiratory distress,

swelling of the facial area and ears resulting in loss of circulation all are

observed frequently and may cause permanent damage or result in death.


Treatment should be ASAP with epinephrine and IV flush with fluids and'

antihistamines. It is wise to watch a Papillon for up to an hour after a

vaccination. It is best NEVER to give Rabies shot on the same visit as

other vaccines. Lyme vaccine is not worth the risk because these dogs are

not hunting dogs, are very small and easy to check for ticks and are kept

mostly as house pets. If a pet is suspected to have been bitten by a tick,

administer antibiotic therapy . These dogs often die because they are over dosed with a variety of products. It is strongly advised that once a dog has a titer established a blood test for titer levels are preformed instead of annual vaccinations. Vaccine Companies State that they are trying to stimulate

an immune response at the injection site, the problem is the vaccine enters

the blood stream and does not stay at the injection site. You would not give

the same dose of an antibiotic or other products to a two-pound animal

and a two hundred pound animal. It is only common sense to state the

same about vaccines, we are trying to stimulate an immune response not

overload the dogs immune system and cause possible permanent damage

to organs. A 1/2cc dose has been found to be safer and to stimulate a titer

level. It is also very easy to suppress respiration in these little dogs with

vaccines, sedations, and other products. The products we believe to be safe

for use in Papillons are***Intceptor , Heartguard ,Proguard Vaccines by

Intervet, ISO or Servo with no presedation, fill and empty to exact dose

Measure is critical.


Sign on to and you can connect to the current studies

on LIVER SHUNT . Dr Tobias DVM is one of the experts on congenital liver

shunt. The test we are suggesting to screen for Liver Shunt is a simple blood

test at 10-12 weeks to test the bile enzyme level. It is best done two hours

after eating and a normal level is 100< 15-20 pts. The puppy that has no

other symptoms needs no further testing. A puppy that has an abnormal

blood level should be retested at three or four weeks. Then if the level is still

not in the normal zone a series of tests are advised. One in three Yorkies

has a congenital liver shunt. Please draw blood from the leg not the neck to

avoid injury and possible trauma. Seizures, vomiting, balance problems,

bladder stones, failure to thrive, can all be signs of possible liver shunt.

The route of heredity of this disease is unknown and all affected animals

should be eliminated from any breeding program. We are working toward

identifying a genetic marker. The incidence seems to be on the rise across

breeds of all sizes. It is most often connected with kidney disease. This is

a cluster of both congenital and acquired diseases with a variety of

symptoms, severity, treatments and outcomes. The earlier we know there

is a problem the better.

The leading genetic disorders in Papillons are luxating patella, late onset

PRA ,Hypoglycemia, especially in puppies, and LIVER SHUNT. Papillons

graze and eat several small meals a day even as adults, use , high calorie

top quality food only, Papillons seldom are overweight.

Insect bites and stings are a concern with these dogs.
These dogs are usually very thin and may appear as an Italian Greyhound

with hair. They may eat as little as 1/4 cup of food a day and puppy food is

often fed up to the first five years, it is important that they are kept on a

premium dog food, that is high in nutrients and calories.

Frequent treats are encouraged, as is the use of Nutrical .
These dogs are very prone to retention of puppy teeth. The are also very

prone to dental problems as they age, daily prevention is important due to

the danger from sedation.
Papillons have been allergic to carpet powders, yard sprays, Lysol,

Clorox2, Boron
Papillons as adults may vary from 8inches to 12 inches at the shoulder

and weigh as little as three pounds grown and as much as twelve pounds,

with six pounds as an average
For years we have vaccinated our pets every year with a 1cc dose of vaccines

that combine 8 or more diseases in one vaccine. The dose has been the

same for a 2-pound puppy and a 200-pound Mastiff. Think about the difference

in blood volume between a 2-pound dog and a 200-pound dog. Think about

the blood level concentration of vaccines circulating in a toysí system and

the potential damage to organs. The AAHA has NEW guidelines for

vaccination due to the rise in allergic reactions to vaccines and the rapid

rise in autoimmune disease in American pets. Use titer testing.

Over stimulation of the immune system caused by over vaccination can

cause disease and deaths..
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